The Kingfisher nesting tunnel should be fitted inside the bank of a waterway, river or lake. The kingfisher nest box entrance
must be at least 1 metre above the maximum water level and should be completely buried so that only the nest entrance
The kingfisher nest tunnel should slope down from the nest at an angle of 10 or 20 degrees to allow for drainage. Before
use, put a layer of dry soil in the nest chamber and make a small nest cup to keep the eggs together. In the absence of
suitable natural perches placing an artificial one in the water within a few metres of the nest will provide a place
for the kingfisher to hunt and also keep an eye out for predators.
Kingfisher Nesting Habits
The kingfisher "flying jewel" tends to use two different tunnels or tubes for its first and second brood. It's always good practice to put two kingfisher boxes near each other (at least 2 metres apart) so that the female kingfisher
can start a second nest in the empty kingfisher box while the male continues to look after the original brood of young. Where
no suitable natural bank exists an artificial one can be created.
Sand Martin Nest Habits
Colonies of never less than 12 breeding pairs of Sand Martins congregate on natural moving water or on naturally formed cliffs,
as well as in gravel and clay pits.