With winter fast approaching this is a good time of the year to put out food and fresh water to help the birds visiting your garden and that you can enjoy their visits over the coming months.
Aside from this, remember to regularly clean bird feeders, it is one of the most important things you can do to help prevent the spread of disease in your garden birds. Wild birds are susceptible to a range of different diseases, some of which are more commonly reported than others. Outbreaks
of disease may occur in populations of wild birds wherever they occur, including those visiting gardens. As such, it is important
to be able to recognise signs of disease and to adopt sensible hygiene measures to reduce the risk of disease transmission
between individual birds.
Prevention is Better than Cure!
Unfortunately, by the time it is possible to catch a sick bird for treatment, it is likely to be too ill to help. Treating
sick birds without first capturing them is not advisable because there is no way of ensuring that medicines will be taken
only by affected birds or in the correct doses. This means that it is far better to take preventative action to stop an outbreak
occurring in the first place. It is thought that some birds probably act as carriers of the diseases mentioned in this leaflet
and, when they congregate at bird tables and feeders, any food provided may become contaminated.
Since the risk of disease transmission is related to the numbers of birds congregating together,one of the best things you
can do is to use several feeding sites within your garden and to not just place all your feeders in one spot. This helps
to disperse the feeding birds over a larger area and reduces the potential for disease build-up. It is also important to
move your feeding sites periodically, especially those where you feed directly onto the ground. Allowing areas to ‘rest’
will help to reduce levels of contamination. Finally, think about where you position feeders in relation to other garden
features. For example, it is best to avoid placing a bird table under a tree in which birds perch or roost, since it soon
becomes heavily contaminated with droppings.
Keep Bird tables and Bird Feeders clean
Regular cleaning and disinfecting of bird tables, bird baths and hanging bird feeders is an important part of good hygiene practice
when feeding garden birds. Alongside these measures, it is important not to provide more food than birds need. Ideally,
bird tables should be swept clean each day to remove droppings and any uneaten food. Tables and other feeding surfaces
should be disinfected on a regular (weekly or fortnightly) cycle using an appropriate disinfectant such as Ark-klens,
followed by thorough rinsing and air drying before subsequent use. Cleaning equipment should not be used for other purposes
and should be kept and used outside. Rubber gloves should be worn for the purpose, and hands and forearms should be washed
thoroughly after handling or cleaning feeders. The ground beneath feeders can be kept clean by regular sweeping.